Wild Fauna

Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. It is a happy breed with average working intelligence, although by being bred to a show standard it is no longer an ideal working dog. Some dogs, such as the Löwchen, have an uncertain origin and are listed under several countries. Centuries of selective breeding by humans has resulted in dogs being more genetically diverse than most other mammals by a considerable margin. The American Cocker was the most popular breed in the United States during the 1940s and 1950s and again during the 1980s, reigning for a total of 18 years.

The breed is the smallest of the sporting dogs recognised by the AKC, and its distinctly shaped head makes it immediately recognisable. It is a happy breed with average working intelligence, although by being bred to a show standard it is no longer an ideal working dog. In 1650, Robert Brooke sailed from England to Crown Colony in North America with his pack of hunting dogs, which were the root of several strains of American Hounds.

Breeds are usually categorized by the functional type from which the breed was developed. It is a happy breed with average working intelligence, although by being bred to a show standard it is no longer an ideal working dog. Some dogs, such as the Löwchen, have an uncertain origin and are listed under several countries. Centuries of selective breeding by humans has resulted in dogs being more genetically diverse than most other mammals by a considerable margin. The American Cocker was the most popular breed in the United States during the 1940s and 1950s and again during the 1980s, reigning for a total of 18 years. The first has been the 'commodification' of the dog, shaping it to conform to human expectations of personality and behaviour.[114] The second has been the broadening of the concept of the family and the home to include dogs-as-dogs within everyday routines and practices.[114] There are a vast range of commodity forms available to transform a pet dog into an ideal companion.[115] The list of goods, services and places available is enormous: from dog perfumes, couture, furniture and housing, to dog groomers, therapists, trainers and caretakers, dog cafes, spas, parks and beaches, and dog hotels, airlines and cemeteries.[115] While dog training as an organized activity can be traced back to the 18th century, in the last decades of the 20th century it became a high profile issue as many normal dog behaviors such as barking, jumping up, digging, rolling in dung, fighting, and urine marking[further explanation needed] became increasingly incompatible with the new role of a pet dog.[116] Dog training books, classes and television programs proliferated as the process of commodifying the pet dog continued.[117] An Australian Cattle Dog in reindeer antlers sits on Santa's lap A pet dog taking part in Christmas traditions The majority of contemporary people with dogs describe their pet as part of the family,[114] although some ambivalence about the relationship is evident in the popular reconceptualization of the dog–human family as a pack.[114] A dominance model of dog–human relationships has been promoted by some dog trainers, such as on the television program Dog Whisperer. It is a happy breed with average working intelligence, although by being bred to a show standard it is no longer an ideal working dog. Despite its name, the Staffordshire Terrier was first bred in the nineteenth century in Birmingham, West Midlands, rather than in the English county of Staffordshire where it was then later bred. As such, dogs are the only animal with such a wide variation in appearance without speciation, "from the Chihuahua to the Great Dane".[2] The following list uses a wide interpretation of "breed".